2019 Health Policy Course

The 2019 TMC Health Policy Course is a first-of-its-kind collaboration between the Texas Medical Center’s academic institutions. The course, now in its second year, teaches students the fundamentals of U.S. health policy and provides them with the background and context they need to analyze the most pressing health policy challenges facing the country today.


The course includes 13 sessions organized by the TMC Health Policy Institute and led by experts from across the Texas Medical Center. The sessions complement students’ studies at their home institutions, from which they may earn course credit.

For more information on the course, contact Stephen.H.Linder@uth.tmc.edu.


Course Schedule

Click on each session for details including moderators, panelists, topics to be discussed and assigned readings. Please note that instructors continue to update this information on a regular basis. All sessions are held Tuesdays from 5:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. at 6550 Bertner Avenue in Houston.

1. Debunking the Health Policy Myths – Jan. 15

Far too often in the world of health policy, we accept half-truths as indisputable facts. But what happens when we take a deeper dive and really scrutinize the data? Dr. Arthur “Tim” Garson, Jr., director of the TMC Health Policy Institute and author of the book Health Care Half Truths, will challenge panelists and audience members to reconsider what they think they know about health care.

For example, many of us think the U.S. has the best health care system in the world. But what do the numbers tell us? We’ve all heard over and over again that preventive care saves money. But do the dollars really add up? Garson will discuss those myths and misconceptions, and others, with experts from across Texas Medical Center in what’s sure to be a fun and informative discussion.


Arthur “Tim” Garson Jr., MD, MPH
Director, Texas Medical Center Health Policy Institute
Former Dean, Baylor College of Medicine
Former Provost, University of Virginia


  • Anita G. Hufft, PhD, RN
    Professor and Dean, Texas Woman’s University College of Nursing
  • Stephen Linder, PhD
    Associate Director, Texas Medical Center Health Policy Institute
    Director, Institute for Health Policy, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health
  • Ken Janda, JD
    President and CEO, Community Health Choice, Inc.

2. State and Local Health Policy Objectives and Methods – Jan. 22


  • Policymaking
    • Texas Legislative Process
    • State Health and Human Service Agencies
    • State Budget Process
    • City/County Public Health and Healthcare Agencies
  • Policy Role
    • Medicaid/CHIP
    • Mental Health/IDD
    • Long Term/Post Acute Care
    • Health Workforce
  • Current Issues
    • Medicaid/CHIP
    • Mental Health
    • Delivery System/Coverage Reform
    • Social Determinants of Health
    • Other



  • Annalee Gulley
    Director of Public Policy and Government Affairs, Mental Health America of Greater Houston
  • Freddy Warner
    Vice President, Government Affairs, Memorial Hermann Health System
  • Tim Schauer
    Senior Vice President, Cornerstone Government Affairs


  • What are the major responsibilities/objectives of state and local health policy?
  • How does a bill become law?
  • How does the Texas budget work and how does that process impact policy?
  • What are the major responsibilities of state and local health agencies?
  • How does state/local health policy relate to federal health policy?
  • What are the hot topics in state and local health policy?


3. How Health Policy is Made – Jan. 29


  • Institutions and processes
  • Interest groups and lobbyists
  • Sources of influence


Aisha Morris Moultry, Pharm.D., MS
Professor and Associate Dean of Academic Affairs, Texas Southern University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences


  • Willie Capers, II, Pharm.D., MBA
    Assistant Professor and Vice Chair of Clinical and Administrative Services, Texas Southern University
  • Cedric Dark, MD, MPH, FACEP, FAAEM
    Assistant Professor and Emergency Medicine Physician, Baylor College of Medicine and Executive Editor of Policy Prescriptions
  • Rodney Cox, M.S., RPh
    Director of Pharmacy Services, Memorial Hermann Memorial City Medical Center
  • Edward Stemley, Pharm.D., M.S.
    Director of Pharmacy, UTMB

Panel Questions:

  • Explain the various stages of health policy development.
  • What are the roles of various interest groups in healthcare public policy?
  • What is the difference between presidential, congressional, and state roles in health care public policy debate, establishment, and implementation?
  • What changes have you seen in the policymaking process as a result of changes in presidential administration?
  • What are some strategies/tactics used by interest groups to influence public policy?
  • How can interest groups and political parties influence government policy in modern day America?
  • Please explain the “Iron Triangle” model of policy-making involving Congress, the bureaucracy, and interest groups.


  • Rice T, Unruh LY, Rosenau P, Barnes AJ, Saltman RB, van Ginneken E. Challenges facing the United States of America in implementing universal coverage. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. [Internet]. 2014 Dec 1 [cited 2018 Jan 25];92(12):894–902. Available from: http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/92/12/14-141762.pdf

4. Access to Care and Health Insurance Coverage – Feb. 5


  • Objectives of coverage
  • Insurance coverage policies/provisions
  • Characteristics of the uninsured/underinsured
  • Gaps in coverage
  • Access barriers
  • Insurance reform


Ben Raimer
Senior Vice President, Health Policy & Legislative Affairs, UTMB


5. Quality of Care – Feb. 12


  • Definition and measurement
  • Determinants
  • Quality improvement policies
  • Value-based performance


Lee Revere, PhD, MHA
Director, Fleming Center for Healthcare Management, UTHealth School of Public Health

Required Pre-Reading

Berwick DM, Nolan TW, and Whittington J. (2008) The Triple Aim: Care, Health, And Cost: The remaining barriers to integrated care are not technical; they are political. Health Affairs, 27 (3): 759-769.

Institute of Medicine. (2001) Crossing the Quality Chasm: a New Health System for the 21st Century.

Institute of Medicine. (1999). To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System.

Optional Pre-Reading

Das A, Norton EC, Miller DC, Ryan AM, Birkmeyer JD, and Chen LM. (2016). The Effects of Adding a Spending Measure to the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program. Health Affairs (Millwood). 2016 May 1; 35(5): 898–906.

Porter ME and Lee, TH. (2013). The Strategy That Will Fix Health Care. Harvard Business Review. 2013 October.

6. Financing, Payment, and Cost – Feb. 19


  • Public and private health expenditures
  • Sources of financing
  • Provider payment and payment reform
  • Cost containment policies
  • Performance


Osama Mikhail
Professor of management, policy and community health at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health

7. Safety Net Programs – Feb. 26


  • Abida Solomon
    Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Prairie View A&M University


  • Charles Begley
    Professor, UT School of Public Health
  • Kevin Nix
    Senior Director of Communications, Legacy Community Health
  • Saramma Russell
    Nurse Practitioner, Health Care for the Homeless, Harris Health System

Discussion Questions:

  • What are the major safety net systems in the US? Describe the history, objectives, and key features.
  • Who are the target populations, how are the systems financed and administered?
  • What are the current trends, changes, and challenges of safety net programs?


8. The Public Health System – March 5


  • Rocaille Roberts, MPH
    Director, Office of Policy & Planning, Harris County Public Health


  • Gail Bray, PhD
    Director, The Menninger Clinic
  • John Graham, M.D., D.Min.
    President and CEO, Institute for Spirituality and Health
  • Umair Shah, MD, MPH
    Executive Director, Harris County Public Health
  • Allison Winnike, JD
    President & CEO, The Immunization Partnership


  • What is public health and how does it compare/differ to healthcare?
  • Aside from funding, what is the most looming obstacle to the implementation/ operationalizing for public health organizations?
  • How has public health advanced over the past decade … or has it? And in either case, where does public health need to go to and be innovative to maintain and increase its utility (including funding)?
  • Events such as Hurricane Harvey and mass shootings from Columbine through Parkland have put a large spotlight on mental health – one that was not that bright several years ago. Additionally, we have children and adults who are experiences high rates of depression, anxiety, and suicide. How have public health institutions evolved in their role in addressing mental health, and where are the opportunities for the public health system to integrate mental health?
  • With many public health related issues being included in political rhetoric, have you notice a shift from the public in trust or otherwise when discussing dealing with these issues (e.g. vaccines, water, immigration)?




9. U.S. Health Policy Methods – March 12


  • Evolving objectives
  • Mechanisms, forms, types and sources
  • Federalism
  • Comparison of US with other countries


Jessica Mantel
Co-Director, Health Law & Policy Institute, University of Houston Law Center


  • Bovberg identifies various factors that guide the analysis of which level of government — state or federal — is better suited to address a particular policy issue. These factors can be grouped into three categories:  political philosophy, political and economic competition among the states, and pragmatic considerations.  Which political philosophical considerations favor federal action and which favor state action?  When might competition among states for residents/businesses promote “better” policies, and when might competition among states prove detrimental to public concerns? What pragmatic considerations favor federal action over state action, and vice versa?
  • What factors does Lester Salamon identify for evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of different regulatory approaches?
  • Congress is currently debating Medicaid’s future.  Presently the federal government gives funding to state Medicaid programs and establishes eligibility, coverage, and other parameters that all states must abide by, with states retaining flexibility within those parameters. Republicans have proposed a smaller role for the federal government, with less federal funding for Medicaid and states having greater flexibility as to how they structure and operate their state Medicaid programs.  In contrast to Republican proposals, some scholars have proposed removing states from the Medicaid picture and operating the Medicaid program as a federal-only program (similar to Medicare).  Which approach do you favor?

Reading Assignments

10. Social Determinants of Health – March 26


  • Social factors that influence health
  • Food insecurity in Houston
  • Policy response to population health management
  • Clinical and community response to population health
  • Integrating health care and public health


Tanweer Kaleemullah
Public Health Policy Analyst – Health System Transformation, Harris County Public Health


  • Chris Greeley, MD
    Chief, Section of Public Health Pediatrics, Texas Children’s Hospital Vice Chair for Community Health, Baylor College of Medicine
  • Quianta Moore, MD, JD
    Fellow in Child Health Policy, Baker Institute for Public Policy
  • Carol Paret
    Senior Vice President/Chief Community Health Officer, Memorial Hermann Healthcare System
  • Umair Shah, MD, MPH
    Executive Director, Harris County Public Health


  • What is social determinants of health? And related … as with “population health,” does the phrase SDH have a different meaning for healthcare vs. public health?
  • Though more needs to be done, a great deal of education on SDH has occurred across various sectors including health, education, faith-based, etc. Accepting that the education needs to continue, what do public health and healthcare need to do to take this SDH work to the next level?
  • At what point should hospitals/clinics/physicians take action with regards to evidence-based practices or lack thereof? What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of moving forward vs. waiting until a solid based of evidence exists?
  • What are the limitation of hospitals, physicians, nurses, and healthcare in general in their ability or responsibility to address SDH?
  • LHD/Public health is seen as one of the obvious partners in the ongoing SDH efforts, but with continued decreases in public health funding at all levels of govt, what do you see as public health’s role in SDH overall? Are there ways that healthcare can bolster/support public health’s ability to respond more effectively in the community?

Reading Assignments:



  • Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults [authors: Vincent J Felitti, Robert Anda, Dale Nordenberg, etc.] – 247-250


11. Ethical Dilemmas in Health Policy – April 2


  • Rationing
  • End of life care
  • Other selected topics


Joslyn Fisher
Associate Professor of Medicine & Medical Ethics, Baylor College of Medicine
Chair, Ethics Committee, Harris Health System


  • How can individual autonomy be balanced with the ethical and medical responsibilities of clinical teams?
  • What are the duties of medical professionals in allocating scarce resources related to end of life care?
  • What role do patients and their families have in determining their care plan/treatment options in end of life care?
  • Who determines treatment options in patients with terminal or irreversible conditions?
  • How can federal, state, and local healthcare systems develop policies which ethically address challenges in the provision of high quality end of life care?
  • How does the Texas Advance Directive Act impact patients and the clinicians caring for them?
  • How is rationing relevant in the provision of end of life care?

Suggested Readings:

Additional Suggested Readings:

  • IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2015. Dying in America: Improving quality and honoring individual preferences near the end of life. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
  • Melissa D. Aldridge, PhD, MBA, and Amy S. Kelley, MD, MSHS The Myth Regarding the High Cost of End-of-Life Care. Am J Public Health. 2015;105:2411–2415. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2015.302889
  • Dzeng E, Colaianni A, et al. Influence of Institutional Culture and Policies on Do-Not-Resuscitate Decision Making at the End of Life. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(5):812-819. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.0295. Published online April 6, 2015. Corrected on May 6, 2015.

12. Health Care Workforce – April 9


  • Supply and demand of healthcare providers
  • Professional roles and responsibilities
  • Healthcare reform and scope of work
  • Change management in the healthcare workforce


Trevor Burt
Vice President, Education Administration, Methodist Hospital System


  • Carrie L. Byington, MD
    Vice Chancellor for Health Services, The Texas A&M University System; Senior Vice President, Texas A&M University Health Science Center; and The Jean and Thomas McMullin Professor and Dean, Texas A&M College of Medicine
  • Nana Coleman, MD, Ed.M.
    Assistant Dean for GME, Baylor College of Medicine
  • Robert Phillips, MD, PhD, FACC
    Executive Vice President, Chief Physician Executive & Specialty Physician Group CEO, Houston Methodist


  • Supply and Demand: Are training institutions adequately training the quantity and type of healthcare providers needed to meet the healthcare workface needs in the US?
  • How do we ensure each profession in the healthcare workforce is performing at the full capacity of their licensure and respective disciplines?
  • What role does the current landscape of healthcare reform play in dictating the scope of work for each profession as a part of team-based approach to care?
  • How do we manage the human response to culture change that is required for the future of team-based care?

Reading Assignments:

13. National Health Reform – April 16


Stephen Linder
Associate Director, TMC Health Policy Institute

Director, Institute for Health Policy at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health


  • Medicaid funding and coverage expansion
  • Insurance regulation and mandates
  • Taxes and tax subsidies
  • Federal budget
  • Impact on Texas

Health Policy Course Partners


Course Details

Course Directors:

Arthur Garson, Jr., MD, MPH, Director, TMC Health Policy Institute

Stephen H. Linder, PhD, Co-Director, TMC Health Policy Institute

Course Goal: The TMC Health Policy Institute Health Policy course will train teach students (participants) about fundamental key concepts related to the development, implementation, and evaluation of (U.S.) health policy in an innovative format.

Course Objectives: By the end of the semester, students will be able to:

  • Describe the complex roles of the many participants in policymaking,
  • Summarize and discuss key components of healthcare policy, and
  • Assess competing positions on selected health policy controversies.

Course Overview: The TMC Health Policy Institute Health Policy course is an inter-institutional, inter-professional introductory health policy course for graduate students or advanced undergraduate students.

The Health Policy Institute will produce 13 seminar sessions (see topics below.) Each session will be led by an individual from a TMC member institution, and will select 3-4 others from TMC member institutions to participate in the seminar, to include diverse, inter-professional perspectives from local experts in the form of panel discussions, debates, and other interactive teaching modalities. Recommended pre-session readings will be provided ahead of time to course participants. The course is organized in three parts: (1) Policy Institutions and Processes (2) Policy Topics in US Health Systems issues (3) Emerging Topics & Controversies in Health Policy.

Course Leadership and Evaluation: Each participating institution will have a local course director who will be responsible for planning the course in terms of which TMC sessions to include (i.e. one institution may decide to include 10 TMC HPI course sessions and have 3 additional sessions of their own), and which additional readings, meetings, and other course work will be required. Assessment, evaluation, grading, and feedback will be entirely under the purview of the institution-specific course director and the institution’s curriculum committee.

Target Audience/Participants: This course is designed for students in all areas served by the TMC (such as nursing, pharmacy, medicine, PhD in research and advanced undergraduates); however, the TMC course will also be open to the public.

Time: Sessions meet once weekly (Tuesdays) for 13 weeks January 2019 – April 2019. Sessions run 5:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.

Location: Texas Medical Center headquarters at 6550 Bertner Ave., 6th Floor, Houston. Additional live broadcasts and recording will be posted on this website. Audience participation will be encouraged; for students taking the course for credit who are watching streaming video will be permitted to ask questions using distance technology.

Light refreshments will be served.

Cost: Free for participants

Steering Committee: Chuck Begley, Trevor Burt, Joslyn (Joey) Fisher, Tanweer Kaleemullah, Peggy Landrum, Jessica Mantel, Aisha Morris, Binata Mukherjee, Ben Raimer, Frances (Lee) Revere, Rocaille Roberts, Umair Shah, Abida Solomon, Sujit Sansgiry

Teaching Assistant: Adele Semaan

Communications Director: Ryan Holeywell

Course Directors

Students interested in obtaining course credit from their home institution for participation in the TMC Health Policy Course are encouraged to contact the appropriate faculty member listed below.

Course DirectorE-MailTMC Institution
Gautam Nayergnayer@yahoo.comUniversity of St. Thomas
Cecilia Ganduglia CazabanCecilia.M.GandugliaCazaban@uth.tmc.eduUTHealth School of Public Health
Gloria Rosegmrose@pvamu.eduPrairie View A&M University
Sharisse Hebertsahebert@pvamu.eduPrairie View A&M University
John Prochaskajoprocha@UTMB.EDUUTMB
Susan RuppertSusan.D.Ruppert@uth.tmc.eduUTHealth School of Nursing
Nina Fredlandnfredland@twu.eduTexas Woman’s University
Robin Tomsrtoms@twu.eduTexas Woman’s University
Peggy Landrumplandrum@twu.eduTexas Woman’s University
Terry Kirktdkirk2@Central.UH.EDUUniversity of Houston College of Nursing
Isabelle KustersKusters@UHCL.eduUniversity of Houston – Clear Lake
Aisha M. Moultrymorris_ma@TSU.EDUTexas Southern University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences