Research

HPV vaccine may be effective against oral cancers


By Christopher Smith Gonzalez | May 17, 2017

While known to help prevent anal and genital related cancers, the Human Papillomavirus vaccine may also provide protection against oral forms of cancer caused by HPV infections.

A new study by researchers at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston found that those vaccinated had a lower prevalence of the HPV type that is responsible for some head and neck cancers. The study findings are published in the journal Vaccine.

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the U.S. and there has been a large push to get people vaccinated against it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that 11-to-12 year-old boys and girls get the HPV vaccine.

HPV vaccination has been recommended primarily to prevent HPV related anal and genital cancers such as cervical cancer in women. The vaccine is not currently approved for prevention of oral cancers. Proof that the vaccine protects directly against HPV-linked oral cancer is not yet available, as these cancers are rare and can take decades to develop.

“There is some evidence that HPV vaccination may protect against oral HPV infection but no current research has demonstrated this in the general population,” said Jacqueline Hirth, first author of the study and an assistant professor at UTMB.

HPV is responsible for the majority of oral and pharynx cancers in the U.S. and it is expected that HPV-related oral and pharynx cancer cases may exceed those of HPV related cervical cancer by 2020.

Hirth and other researchers at UTMB used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2009 and 2014. Information from over 3,000 participants, 18 to 30 years old, who indicated whether they had received the HPV vaccine and had provided an oral sample, were included in the study.

“More research is needed on a larger sample of vaccinated and unvaccinated men and women because oral HPV infection is relatively rare,” Hirth said.

Other authors include Mihyun Chang, Vicente A. Resto, Fangjian Guo and Abbey B. Berenson, all of UTMB.




Social Posts

profile_image

Veterans Affairs

@DeptVetAffairs

VA releases new findings on the connection between TBI and dementia https://t.co/BnNZzpxeTI via #VAntagePoint

15 mins ago
profile_image

BCMHouston

@bcmhouston

Are you a father of children between the ages of 5 to 11 years? Our researchers needed you to complete an online survey for a study being conducted by the Children's Nutrition Research Center. Learn more: https://t.co/FbQCfrWeDD #research https://t.co/8HNP939Ad7

2 hours ago
profile_image

MD Anderson Cancer Center

@MDAndersonNews

Keeping a #foodjournal can help you keep track of cravings, according to our dietitian, Erma Levy. Here are her tips for fighting cravings: https://t.co/U7kDnBFkux @FocusedonHealth #endcancer

2 hours ago
profile_image

Veterans Affairs

@DeptVetAffairs

Today's #VeteranOfTheDay is Army Air Forces Veteran Staff Sergeant Edwin W. Hays. Hays was shot down over Denmark during World War II, spending 15 months as a prisoner of war. https://t.co/LH3vWFOTJm

2 hours ago
profile_image

MD Anderson Cancer Center

@MDAndersonNews

Why #oralcancer survivor @jeans4295 calls her MD Anderson social work counselor Djuana Fomby a “lifesaver”: https://t.co/QNuuL4EM1R #hncsm #endcancer

4 hours ago
profile_image

BCMHouston

@bcmhouston

About half a million people will go to the hospital this year for issues related to kidney stones. Learn the symptoms and what you can do to help prevent them. https://t.co/M74pGKM9qK #kidneystones

4 hours ago
profile_image

CHI St. Luke's Health

@CHI_StLukes

Today we're celebrating dads and the immense amount of love and wisdom they share. Happy #FathersDay from all of us at CHI St. Lukes Health! https://t.co/ASzquyJp67

4 hours ago
profile_image

TAMU Health Sciences

@TAMHSC

To all the dads out there, have a #HappyFathersDay https://t.co/qwNadTO23b

4 hours ago
profile_image

Veterans Affairs

@DeptVetAffairs

Happy #FathersDay, especially to all who are Veterans or members of the military. https://t.co/75KB9j3O8V

4 hours ago
profile_image

UTHealth

@UTHealth

RT @UTPhysicians: Raquel ignored the lump in her neck for years before getting it checked out at a free screening for oral, head and neck c…

5 hours ago
profile_image

MD Anderson Cancer Center

@MDAndersonNews

Happy #FathersDay to all the dads in our community, as well as those celebrating or remembering theirs today. #endcancer https://t.co/um8LbAUjUp

5 hours ago
profile_image

BCMHouston

@bcmhouston

RT @BCMHouston_News: Have you heard of White Coat Hypertension? @bcmhouston's @virani_md talked with @MelissaFox26 w/ @FOX26Houston earlier…

6 hours ago
profile_image

Texas Children's

@TexasChildrens

Happy Father’s Day from @TexasChildrens! What’s the best piece of advice your dad has given you? https://t.co/maFiEtnmOa

6 hours ago
profile_image

Houston Methodist

@MethodistHosp

RT @astros: Stop by the @MethodistHosp Blood Drive today at Union Station and get an #Astros t-shirt! Details: https://t.co/LW8nX55mJ7

21 hours ago
profile_image

TexasHeartInstitute

@Texas_Heart

RT @BCM_Surgery: Farewell to our Thoracic Surgery Residents: Swami Gnanashanmugam, MD, @corinneaberle, MD, Duy Nguyen, MD and Kareem Ibrahi…

23 hours ago